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Managing Productions
Controlling Access to Management Portal Functions
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This appendix describes how the Management Portal uses the predefined security roles and resources to control access to pages and options related to production management. It contains the following sections:
Important:
The upgrade procedures reset these predefined resources and roles; therefore, you should customize security only by configuring resources and roles that you create yourself.
Introduction
InterSystems IRIS™ contains predefined roles which you can use to control access to the functions in the Management Portal. While these built-in roles may suit most environments, you can add additional roles to customize access to pages or functions.
The following sections describe the security structure prebuilt in InterSystems IRIS. You can use this information to determine how to assign your users to roles in your environment.
For an in-depth description of InterSystems security, see the Security Administration Guide, in particular, Authorization: Controlling User Access in the chapter “About InterSystems Security.”
Predefined Resources
This section describes the predefined resources related to productions. The names of these resources all begin with the %Ens_ prefix.
You can view the list of predefined resources on the [System] > [Security Management] > [Resources] page of the Management Portal.
For an in-depth discussion of resources, see Assets and Resources in the Security Administration Guide.
Resources to Protect Activities Related to Productions
Resource Description
%Ens_ConfigItemRun Controls starting and stopping configuration items
%Ens_DTLTest Grants access to the data transformation testing utility
%Ens_Dashboard Grants access to the Production Monitor
%Ens_Deploy Grants access to deployment activities
%Ens_DeploymentPkg Controls the creation of deployment packages
%Ens_EventLog Grants access to the Event Log
%Ens_MessageContent Grants access to the contents of messages
%Ens_MessageDiscard Controls discarding of queued and suspended messages
%Ens_MessageEditResend Grants access to edit and resend messages
%Ens_MessageHeader Grants access to message header data
%Ens_MessageResend Grants access to resend messages
%Ens_MessageResubmit Controls resubmission of suspended messages
%Ens_MessageSuspend Controls the manual suspension of messages
%Ens_MessageTrace Grants access to message trace
%Ens_MsgBank_Dashboard Grants access to the Enterprise Monitor Page
%Ens_MsgBank_EventLog Grants access to the Message Bank Event Log
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageContent Grants access to the contents of messages in the Message Bank
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageEditResend Grants permission to edit and resend messages from the Message Bank
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageHeader Grants access to Message Bank header data
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageResend Grants permission to resend messages from the Message Bank
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageTrace Grants access to the Message Bank Visual Trace
%Ens_Portal* Grants access to the Interoperability menus in the Management Portal
%Ens_ProductionDocumentation Controls the creation of production documentation
%Ens_ProductionRun Controls starting and stopping productions
%Ens_Purge Controls purging of production-related data
%Ens_RuleLog Grants access to the rule log
%Ens_TestingService Grants access to the business host testing service
%Ens_ViewFileSystem Grants access to the Finder Dialog which allows the user to view the file system
Note:
* In addition to the %Ens_Portal resource, access to production-related functions in the Management Portal in any given namespace requires the Read permission on the default global database resource for that namespace. This check is enforced for access to all Interoperability portal pages.
Resources to Protect Code and Data Related to Productions
Resource Code/Data
%Ens._AlertAdministration Grants access to managed alert administration.
%Ens_Alerts Grants access to alert configuration and management
%Ens_ArchiveManager Grants access to the Archive Manager
%Ens_BPL Grants access to BPL
%Ens_BusinessRules Grants access to business rules
%Ens_Code Grants access to all Interoperability classes and routines
%Ens_Credentials Grants access to production credentials
%Ens_DTL Grants access to DTL
%Ens_EDISchema Grants access to EDI schemas
%Ens_EDISchemaAnnotation Grants access to the HL7 Annotation classes.
%Ens_Jobs Grants access to job data
%Ens_LookupTables Grants access to lookup tables
%Ens_MsgBank Grants access to Message Bank status information
%Ens_MsgBankConfig Grants access to Message Bank configuration
%Ens_ProductionConfig Grants access to production configuration activities
%Ens_PurgeSchedule Grants access to scheduling of InterSystems IRIS purge tasks
%Ens_Queues Grants access to queue data
%Ens_RecordMap Grants access to Interoperability record maps
%Ens_RoutingRules Grants access to routing rules
%Ens_Rules Grants access to all Interoperability rules
%Ens_SequenceManager Grants access to the Sequence Manager
%Ens_SystemDefaultConfig Grants access to system default settings
%Ens_WorkflowConfig Grants access to workflow roles and users
Note:
In many cases, InterSystems IRIS Interoperability default behavior uses a less granular resource (like %Ens_Code) which protects multiple data sources including the data protected by a more specific resource (like %Ens_BPL). The predefined roles and privileges use the less granular resource, but you can choose alternative roles with more selective privileges.
Predefined Roles Related to Productions
InterSystems IRIS also contains a set of predefined roles related to productions. Their names each begin with the %EnsRole_ prefix. These are roles designed to reasonably secure your InterSystems IRIS instances in both development and live environments. The following descriptions contain an overview of the perceived job responsibilities of members of the role and how these roles relate to other roles.
%EnsRole_Administrator
Role for a trusted and skilled administrator. In a live or test system this is for the person able to stop, start, and configure productions; to stop and start individual configuration items; to look at all logs, messages, and queues; to purge data; to add default system settings; and so on. This administrator has almost unlimited ability to control the InterSystems IRIS Interoperability environment, but cannot change code components other than to deploy updates.
This role is intentionally distinct from InterSystems IRIS administrative roles and does not grant the user any non-production privileges.
The %EnsRole_Administrator role is a member of the %EnsRole_Operator role, and, therefore, also holds all the privileges of that role.
%EnsRole_Developer
Role for a person developing business logic, data structures, or core InterSystems IRIS code. This includes writing code in Studio, writing DTL and BPL in either Studio or using the web interface, developing routing rules, and creating custom message schemas. In addition, this role allows a user to perform many administrative tasks, as the developer should have the ability to actively debug and test various options on development instances.
By default, members of the InterSystems IRIS Interoperability developer role have full programming power and as such, can modify DTL, BPL, and record maps. InterSystems IRIS provides separate resources for each type of code if you want to distinguish areas of development by creating custom roles.
The %EnsRole_Developer role is a member of both the %Developer and %EnsRole_WebDeveloper roles. Therefore, a user assigned to this role can perform all InterSystems IRIS development tasks as well as the web developer tasks.
%EnsRole_WebDeveloper
Role for a person with limited development abilities. In particular, this restricts a user to the development tasks in the Interoperability menus of the Management Portal, like BPL, DTL, defining rules, and creating record maps. The role does not grant access to Studio or the terminal.
This role is a member of the %EnsRole_RulesDeveloper and %EnsRole_Operator role, so that a user that is a member of this role can perform debugging tasks in the Management Portal.
%EnsRole_RulesDeveloper
Role for a business analyst allowed to modify business rules dynamically. If you have developed a business process that requires such a function, you can allow a small number of people to modify the rules. This is not an administrative or development function.
%EnsRole_WebDeveloper is a member of this role.
%EnsRole_Monitor
Role for a generic user to view the InterSystems IRIS system monitor and the production monitor. Actions that would leave an audit trail if done from a user with %EnsRole_Operator have no effective audit trail from this generic username and therefore access needs to be restricted to a subset that does not include any risk of seeing sensitive data.
%EnsRole_Operator
Role for operation staff managing the day-to-day status of a particular production. Users assigned to this role have the Read permission on the current configuration to determine what settings and code are in effect, but do not have permissions to modify the configuration. Operations staff may start and stop interfaces, and may start and stop the production. They do not have access to the contents of messages, but may resend messages which cause issues. Operators may view queue and job information, and may inspect the settings for purges, alerts, credentials, and lookup tables.
Both %EnsRole_Administrator and %EnsRole_WebDeveloper are members of this role.
%EnsRole_AlertAdministrator
Role for processing managed alerts assigned to any user or unassigned. For more information on processing managed alerts, see Acting on Alerts by Viewing My Managed Alerts.
%EnsRole_AlertOperator
Role for processing managed alerts assigned to current user or unassigned. For more information on processing managed alerts, see Acting on Alerts by Viewing My Managed Alerts.
%EnsRole_PubSubDeveloper
Role that allows user to control the subscription criteria used to select messages and to specify the users to receive the messages. This role provides access to the management portal page that controls Publish and Subscribe routing. For more information on Publish and Subscribe messages, see Defining Publish and Subscribe Message Routing.
The default InterSystems IRIS Interoperability security framework assigns permissions to the predefined resources, thus creating privileges for each of these roles. You can choose to assign the users of your application to these InterSystems IRIS Interoperability roles or create your own roles, assigning them permissions to the InterSystems IRIS resources. If you upgrade your InterSystems IRIS instance, the procedures reset the default roles, so you should make your configuration modifications only on user-created roles.
The next section shows the privileges assigned by default to each role.
You can view the list of predefined roles on the [System] > [Security Management] > [Roles] page of the Management Portal.
These roles only cover functions in the Interoperability menus of the Management Portal. Users in your environment likely require additional InterSystems IRIS roles. For details, see Roles in the Security Administration Guide.
Default Privileges of the Predefined Roles
This section lists the default privileges that each role has for each resource.
See Privileges and Permissions in the Security Administration Guide for an explanation of how you grant access to resources through role privileges.
Role Privileges for the Activity Resources
The following table lists the role privileges for the activity resources. Only the Use permission is required for access, use this permission on the underlying resource to determine access to data as well.
Resource %EnsRole _Administrator %EnsRole _Developer* %EnsRole _Monitor %EnsRole _Operator
%Ens_ConfigItemRun Use Use   Use
%Ens_DTLTest Use Use    
%Ens_Dashboard Use Use Use Use
%Ens_Deploy Use      
%Ens_DeploymentPkg Use Use    
%Ens_EventLog Use Use   Use
%Ens_MessageContent Use Use    
%Ens_MessageDiscard Use Use    
%Ens_MessageEditResend Use Use    
%Ens_MessageHeader Use Use   Use
%Ens_MessageResend Use Use   Use
%Ens_MessageResubmit Use Use    
%Ens_MessageSuspend Use Use    
%Ens_MessageTrace Use Use   Use
%Ens_MsgBank_Dashboard Use Use Use Use
%Ens_MsgBank_EventLog Use Use   Use
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageContent Use Use    
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageEditResend Use Use    
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageHeader Use Use   Use
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageResend Use Use   Use
%Ens_MsgBank_MessageTrace Use Use   Use
%Ens_Portal* Use Use Use Use
%Ens_ProductionDocumentation Use Use    
%Ens_ProductionRun Use Use   Use
%Ens_Purge Use Use    
%Ens_RuleLog* Use Use   Use
%Ens_TestingService Use Use    
%Ens_ViewFileSystem Use Use    
Role Privileges for the Code and Data Resources
The following table lists the role privileges for the code and data resources. Read and Write permissions are distinct for the resource; your application code should use these two permissions to determine access to the underlying data.
For reasons of space, this table does not include the information on all roles. Additional roles are described after the table.
Resource %EnsRole _Administrator %EnsRole _Developer %EnsRole _Monitor %EnsRole _Operator
%Ens_Alerts Read, Write Read, Write   Read
%Ens_ArchiveManager Read, Write      
%Ens_BPL        
%Ens_BusinessRules        
%Ens_Code Read Read, Write    
%Ens_Credentials Read, Write Read   Read
%Ens_DTL        
%Ens_EDISchema Read Read, Write    
%Ens_Jobs Read, Write Read, Write   Read
%Ens_LookupTables Read, Write Read, Write   Read
%Ens_MsgBank Read, Write Read   Read
%Ens_MsgBankConfig Read, Write Read, Write    
%Ens_ProductionConfig Read, Write Read, Write   Read
%Ens_PurgeSchedule Read, Write Read   Read
%Ens_Queues Read, Write Read, Write   Read
%Ens_RecordMap        
%Ens_RoutingRules        
%Ens_Rules*   Read, Write    
%Ens_SequenceManager Read, Write Read, Write    
%Ens_SystemDefaultConfig Read, Write Read   Read
%Ens_WorkflowConfig Write Read, Write   Read
Additional roles have the following privileges
Portal Page Privilege Requirements
Each Management Portal page has a default privilege requirement in the security framework shipped with InterSystems IRIS. You can view this requirement while in the columns view of the portal menu just beneath where you click Go to navigate to the page. You only see this information if you click next to the menu item name and not directly on the label.
For example, when you click to the right of Production on the InterSystems IRIS Configure menu of the Management Portal, you see %Ens_ProductionConfig:READ listed under the System Resource(s) label. This means you must be a member of a role that has the Read permission on the %Ens_ProductionConfig resource to view the [Interoperability] > [Production Configuration] page.
Notice you may also assign custom resources to a portal page. See Using Custom Resources with the Management Portal in the chapter “Assets and Resources” in the Security Administration Guide.
Default SQL Privileges of the Predefined Roles
Several InterSystems IRIS Interoperability pages in the Management Portal use SQL queries to retrieve information; therefore, users must have privileges on the appropriate tables to view this information. This section shows how InterSystems IRIS assigns SELECT privileges to its predefined roles to provide the proper security.
The %EnsRole_Administrator, %EnsRole_Developer, and %EnsRole_WebDeveloper roles hold the SELECT privilege on all of the following SQL tables:
The remaining roles have SELECT privileges on a subset of the SQL tables as shown in the following table.
SQL Table Name %EnsRole _RulesDeveloper %EnsRole _Monitor %EnsRole _Operator
Ens.BusinessProcess     SELECT
Ens.BusinessProcessBPL     SELECT
Ens.MessageHeader     SELECT
Ens_Config.Credentials     SELECT
Ens_Enterprise_MsgBank.Log     SELECT
Ens_Enterprise_MsgBank.MessageHeader     SELECT
Ens_Enterprise_MsgBank.Node     SELECT
Ens_Rule.Log SELECT   SELECT
Ens_Rule.RuleLog SELECT   SELECT
Ens_Util.Calendar     SELECT
Ens_Util.Log   SELECT SELECT
Ens_Util.Schedule     SELECT
InterSystems IRIS also grants EXECUTE privileges on the Ens.IsASub stored procedure (used in certain searches of the Message Viewer) to %EnsRole_Administrator, %EnsRole_Developer, and %EnsRole_WebDeveloper. If you define a custom role and want a user with the role to be able to perform searches on messages, you should grant this privilege to the role or user. To see if a specific role has this privilege in a production-enabled namespace:
  1. Select the role.
  2. Select the SQL Procedures tab.
  3. Select the namespace from the drop-down menu.
If the role has the Ens.IsASub privilege, Ens.IsASub is listed and marked as having EXECUTE privilege. If the role does not have this privilege in the namespace, you can give it this privilege by doing the following on the SQL Procedures tab:
  1. Click the Add Procedures ... button.
  2. Select the Ens schema from the drop-down menu.
  3. Select IsASub from the Available column.
  4. Click the right arrow to add IsASub to the Selected column.
  5. Click Apply and then Close.
You can also give this SQL procedure privilege directly to a user.
Note:
InterSystems IRIS automatically grants permissions to allow the specified roles to run SELECT statements as described in the previous tables. It grants these permissions for the tables generated for the built-in message types. If you define custom message types, you should grant the same permissions to these roles for the tables generated for these custom message types.
Customizing Security
For information on customizing security, see the following sections in Security Administration Guide: