The number argument can be any valid numeric expression.
The Atn function takes the ratio of two sides of a right triangle (number) and returns the corresponding angle in radians. The ratio is the length of the side opposite the angle divided by the length of the side adjacent to the angle. The range of the result is -pi/2 to pi/2 radians.
To convert degrees to radians, multiply degrees by pi/180. To convert radians to degrees, multiply radians by 180/pi.
The following example returns the arctangents of the integers from -4 through 4:
For x = -4 TO 4 Println "Arctangent of ",x," is: ",Atn(x) Next
The following example uses Atn to calculate the value of pi:
Dim pi pi = 4 * Atn(1) ' Calculate the value of pi. Println "pi is: ",pi
Arctangent (Atn) is the inverse trigonometric function of tangent (Tan), which takes an angle as its argument and returns the ratio of two sides of a right triangle. Do not confuse the arctangent with the cotangent; a cotangent is the simple inverse of a tangent (1/tangent).