Using FTP Adapters with Ensemble
Using the FTP Outbound Adapter
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This chapter describes how to use the FTP outbound adapter (EnsLib.FTP.OutboundAdapter). It contains the following sections:

Tip:
Ensemble also provides specialized business service classes that use this adapter, and one of those might be suitable for your needs. If so, no programming would be needed. See Connectivity Options in Introducing Ensemble.
Overall Behavior
EnsLib.FTP.OutboundAdapter enables an Ensemble production to send files via the FTP protocol. To use this adapter, you create and configure a business operation that uses the adapter. The business operation receives a message from within the production, looks up the message type, and executes the appropriate method. This method usually executes methods of the associated adapter.
Creating a Business Operation to Use the Outbound Adapter
To create a business operation to use the EnsLib.FTP.OutboundAdapter, you create a new business operation class. Later, add it to your production and configure it.
You must also create appropriate message classes, if none yet exist. See Defining Ensemble Messages in Developing Ensemble Productions.
The following list describes the basic requirements of the business operation class:
Note:
Studio provides a wizard that you can use to create a business operation stub similar to the preceding. To access this wizard, click File —> New and then click the Production tab. Then click Business Operation and click OK.
Creating Message Handler Methods
When you create a business operation class for use with EnsLib.FTP.OutboundAdapter, typically your biggest task is writing message handlers for use with this adapter, that is, methods that receive Ensemble messages and then communicate via FTP.
Each message handler method should have the following signature:
Method Sample(pReq As RequestClass, Output pResp As ResponseClass) As %Status
Here Sample is the name of the method, RequestClass is the name of an Ensemble request message class, and ResponseClass is the name of an Ensemble response message class.
In general, the method should do the following:
  1. Examine the inbound request message.
  2. When you want to call one of the methods in EnsLib.FTP.OutboundAdapter, use the Adapter property to identify the adapter object. The following example calls the method PutStream() from a business operation method:
      Quit ..Adapter.PutStream(pFilename,..%TempStream)
    You can use similar syntax to call any of the methods described in the section Calling Adapter Methods from the Business Operation. ”
  3. Make sure that you set the output argument (pOutput). Typically you set this equal to the response message. This step is required.
  4. Return an appropriate status. This step is required.
Calling Adapter Methods from the Business Operation
When your business operation class references the EnsLib.FTP.OutboundAdapter, the following adapter methods become available. You can call these adapter methods from the methods in your business operation class using the Adapter property as described in the previous topic:
Connect()
Method Connect(pTimeout As %Numeric = 30,
                pInbound As %Boolean = 0) As %Status
Connects to the FTP server and log in, setting the directory and transfer mode.
The FTP outbound adapter has a retry cycle, which it invokes to reestablish the connection when:
CreateTimestamp()
ClassMethod CreateTimestamp(pFilename As %String = "",
                            pSpec As %String = "")
                            As %String
Using the pFilename string as a starting point, incorporates the time stamp specifier provided in pSpec and returns the resulting string. The default time stamp specifier is %f_%Q where:
In substituting a value for the format code %f, Ensemble strips out any of the characters |,?,\,/,:,[,],<,>,&,,,;,NUL,BEL,TAB,CR,LF, replacing spaces with underscores (_) and slashes (/) with hyphens (-). When the FTP server runs any operating systems except OpenVMS, colons (:) become dots (.). For FTP servers that run OpenVMS, Ensemble replaces colons with hyphens (-).
For full details about time stamp conventions, see Time Stamp Specifications for Filenames in Configuring Ensemble Productions.
Delete()
Method Delete(pFilename As %String) As %Status
Deletes a named file from an FTP server. Server, Username, Password, and File Path are already configured as settings for this adapter. Returns a status value indicating the success of the FTP operation.
Disconnect()
Method Disconnect(pInbound As %Boolean = 0) As %Status
Disconnects from the FTP server.
GetStream()
Method GetStream(pFilename As %String,
                ByRef pStream As %Stream.Object = $$$NULLOREF) As %Status
Retrieves a named file from an FTP server and returns it as a stream. Server, Username, Password, FilePath and Transfer mode (Charset) are already configured as settings for this adapter. This method returns a status value indicating the success of the FTP operation. If the caller provides a stream, it must be the appropriate type of stream for the transfer (character or binary). This method will create the stream if none is provided.
NameList()
Method NameList(Output pFileList As %ListOfDataTypes) As %Status
Gets a list of files on an FTP server. Server, Username, Password, and FilePath are already configured as settings for this adapter. The filenames are returned in a %ListOfDataTypes object. This method returns a status value indicating the success of the FTP operation.
PutStream()
Method PutStream(pFilename As %String,
                pStream As %Stream.Object) As %Status
Stores a stream to an FTP server as a named file. Server, Username, Password, FilePath and Transfer mode (Charset) are already configured as settings for this adapter. This method returns a status value indicating the success of the FTP operation.
Rename()
Method Rename(pFilename As %String,
                pNewFilename As %String,
                pNewPath As %String = "") As %Status
Renames a file on an FTP server. Server, Username, Password, and FilePath are already configured as settings for this adapter. This method returns a status value indicating the success of the FTP operation.
TestConnection()
Method TestConnection()
Correct the properties reflecting the connection state, in case the adapter thinks it is connected but has lost the socket.
The following methods are also available. Each method corresponds to an adapter setting that the user can adjust using the Management Portal. Each time the user applies changes of a setting, Ensemble executes the corresponding SettingSet method. These methods provide the opportunity to make adjustments following a change in any setting. For detailed descriptions of each setting, see Reference for Settings.”
CharsetSet()
Method CharsetSet(cset As %String) As %Status
Charset is the character set of the input file.
ConnectedSet()
Method ConnectedSet(pValue As %Boolean) As %Status
Connected is an internal property that tracks the adapter’s connection to the FTP server.
CredentialsSet()
Method CredentialsSet(pInVal As %String) As %Status
Credentials is an Ensemble credentials entry that can authorize a connection to the FTP server. For information on creating Ensemble credentials, see Configuring Ensemble Productions.
FilePathSet()
Method FilePathSet(path As %String) As %Status
FilePath is the directory on the FTP server in which to look for files.
FTPPortSet()
Method FTPPortSet(port As %String) As %Status
FTPPort is the TCP Port on the FTP Server to connect to.
FTPServerSet()
Method FTPServerSet(server As %String) As %Status
FTPServer is the FTP Server to connect to. This can be the IP address or server name, as long as the domain host controller can resolve the name.
SSLConfigSet()
Method SSLConfigSet(sslcfg As %String) As %Status
SSLConfig is the SSL/TLS configuration entry to use to authenticate this connection.
Example Business Operation Class
The following code example shows a business operation class that references the EnsLib.FTP.OutboundAdapter:
Class EnsLib.FTP.PassthroughOperation Extends Ens.BusinessOperation
{
Parameter ADAPTER = "EnsLib.FTP.OutboundAdapter";

/// Name of file to output the document(s) to. May include timestamp
/// specifiers. The %f specifier if present will be replaced with the
/// name of the document's original source filename (stripped of 
/// characters illegal in filenames).  See the method 
/// Ens.Util.File.CreateTimestamp() for documentation of timestamping options.

Property Filename As %String(MAXLEN = 1000);

Parameter SETTINGS As %String = "Filename";

Method OnMessage(pRequest As Ens.StreamContainer,
                 Output pResponse As %Persistent) As %Status
  {
  Set tFilename=
  ..Adapter.CreateTimestamp(##class(%File).GetFilename(
    pRequest.Stream.Attributes("Filename")),..Filename)
  Quit ..Adapter.PutStream(tFilename, pRequest.Stream)
  }
}
Adding and Configuring the Business Operation
To add your business operation to an Ensemble production, use the Management Portal to do the following:
  1. Add an instance of your business operation class to the Ensemble production.
  2. Configure the business service. For information on the settings, see Reference for Settings.”
  3. Enable the business operation.
  4. Run the production.