Using the Terminal
Controlling the Appearance and Behavior of the Terminal
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This chapter describes different ways to control the appearance and behavior of the Terminal in interactive mode. It covers the following topics:

Tip:
In addition to the options listed here, you can use the configuration option TerminalPrompt, which controls the Terminal prompt. This option is available in the Management Portal. To find it, select System Administration > Configuration > Additional Settings > Startup. For example, the Terminal prompt can include the configuration name of your system.
Specifying the Font
To specify the font size to use, select Edit > Font. This displays a dialog box where you can select a typeface, size, and style appropriate to your monitor and resolution.
Note:
If you choose a font size that would expand the window beyond the borders of your screen, the Terminal automatically resizes both screen and font to the largest size available.
Also, whenever you switch to a different size screen, the Terminal attempts to use the preselected font for that size.
Specifying the Colors
To specify the colors to use, select Edit > Color. This displays a dialog box where you can select the default foreground and background colors for the Terminal. Then select one of the following:
You can adjust the colors from the expected ANSI-named colors to any colors that the display board can deliver. These colors are saved along with the foreground and background choices. To select the default colors, select Default and then choose the colors.
Specifying the Window Size
To specify the Terminal window size, select Edit > Window Size. This displays a dialog box where you specify the window size:
The maximum number of columns is 132 and the maximum number of rows is 64. As you make changes, the dialog box updates the number of scrollback lines and the number of pages available. Then select one of the following:
Note:
When you change the window size, the Terminal erases all current data in both the current display page and all back pages. Further, if there is a font selected for that size, the Terminal selects it.
Defining Custom Key Combinations
To define custom key combinations, select Edit > User Keys. This displays a dialog box where you can associate a Caché command with any of the following key combinations: Alt+Shift+F1 through Alt+Shift+F10.
Selecting Ok+Save updates the current instance and saves the key sequences for future instances of the Terminal.
To include a non-printable characters in the command, use the decimal equivalent (nnn) of the character. You may also use one of <CR>, <F10>, <F7>, <DO>, <TAB>, <LF>, <ESC>, <CSI>, <NL> (= <CR><LF>).
You can also use <P1>, <P2>, and other command line parameters.
Note:
There are known problems with the User Keys facility. For up-to-date information, please contact the InterSystems Worldwide Response Center (WRC)r.
Specifying Other User Settings
To specify user settings, select Edit > User Settings. This displays a dialog box where you can specify both the current setup and initial values of various parameters used by the Terminal. The settings are as follows:
User Settings
Setting Description
Wrap Automatic wrapping at right hand column
<- Key sends ^H Set to have <X> key send Ctrl+H rather than Delete
Application Keypad Enable Application Mode keypad
Force Numeric Pad Force standard PC keypad
Disable Special ID Do not send special Terminal ID
Disable Mouse Reports Do not sent mouse reports
Enable Fast Paint Enable fast paint mode
Paste Keeps Linefeed Set to send line feeds from clipboard (along with carriage return)
Pass XOFF Through Let remote host handle XOFF/XON.
Windows edit accelerators Specifies whether the Terminal enables the common Windows edit shortcuts (Ctrl+C, Ctrl+V, Ctrl+Shift+V), in addition to the basic Terminal edit shortcuts (Ctrl+Insert and Shift+Insert).
If these Windows shortcuts are not enabled, the characters are passed in the data stream to the Caché server process.
Paste burst size (in bytes) The number of characters to paste in one transmission
Paste pause time (in msec) The number of milliseconds between successive transmissions of pasted material longer than the burst size
Some systems cannot accept data as fast as the Terminal can send it. Thus, the Paste burst size determines how much to send at once and the Paste pause time determines the pause time between transmissions. If either setting is less than 1, the entire clipboard is sent at once.
Specifying the Network Encoding
The network encoding of the Terminal controls how characters are translated at the following times:
The default network encoding is UTF8, even on 8-bit systems.
To specify the network encoding, select Edit > Network Encoding. This displays a dialog box where you can choose the network encoding for the Terminal to use. There are 4 choices: UTF8, Windows, ISO, and EUC. Because these encodings are not all relevant to every input locale, only the relevant choices are enabled on the menu.
UTF8 Encoding
When you select the UTF8 option, the Terminal translates the internal Unicode characters to UTF8 on output to the server and from UTF8 when received from the server. If you select UTF8, the Caché I/O translation for your principal I/O device must be UTF8. You can determine the I/O translation from $ZMODE. It is the fourth field; fields are delimited by backslashes (\).
Windows Encoding
When you select the Windows option, the Terminal uses the current Windows input code page to translate I/O between the Terminal and the server, to and from the internal Unicode character set encoding. When you use the Windows encoding, make sure to set the Caché I/O translation ($ZMODE) to that it expects the character set represented by the active Windows code page.
ISO Encoding
When you select the ISO option, the Terminal uses the following ISO 8859-X code pages to translate I/O to and from the peer server. The Terminal selects the appropriate ISO code page based on the current Windows input code page. The following mappings are enabled:
ISO Encoding
Language Region ISO Standard Windows Code Page Network Code Page
Western European 8859-15 1252 28605
Central European 8859-2 1250 28592
Cyrillic 8859-1 1251 28591
Greek 8859-7 1253 28597
Turkish 8859-9 1254 28599
Hebrew 8859-8 1255 28598
Arabic 8859-6 1256 28596
Baltic Rim 8859-4 1257 28594
Korea iso-2022-kr 949 50225
Japan (JIS) N/A 932 50220
All other Windows input code pages use the Windows code page if the ISO network encoding is selected.
When using the ISO encoding, you must ensure that the Caché I/O translation shown in $ZMODE is consistent with the character set represented by the active ISO code page used by the Terminal.
EUC Encoding
The EUC encoding is relevant to far Eastern languages and is used to communicate with certain UNIX® systems. When you select the EUC option, the Terminal uses the following code pages to translate I/O to and from the server. The Terminal selects the appropriate EUC code page based on the current Windows input code page. The following mappings are enabled:
EUC Encoding
Language Region ISO Standard Windows Code Page Network Code Page
Japanese N/A 932 51932
Simplified Chinese N/A 936 51936
Korean N/A 949 51949
Japanese (JIS) support is provided under the ISO network encoding using the 50220 code page to translate to/from the internal Unicode.
Specifying the Physical Character Setting of the Display
To specify the physical character setting, select Edit > Display Physical Character Setting and then select either Logical and Physical. This option controls the aspect of the characters displayed in the Terminal window. The difference is apparent only when using multibyte character sets.