COMMIT [TRANSACTION | WORK] [THEN statements] [ELSE statements]
The COMMIT statement ends the current transaction initiated by a BEGIN TRANSACTION statement. All file changes issued during the transaction are committed, and cannot be subsequently reverted.
The COMMIT must be specified between the BEGIN TRANSACTION and END TRANSACTION statements. Following a COMMIT, program execution skips to the line of code following the END TRANSACTION statement.
The TRANSACTION or WORK keywords are optional and provides no functionality. They are provided solely for compatibility with other MultiValue vendor products.
You can optionally specify a THEN clause, an ELSE clause, or both a THEN and an ELSE clause. If the transaction commit is successful, the THEN clause is executed. If the transaction commit fails, the ELSE clause is executed. The statements argument can be the NULL keyword, a single statement, or a block of statements terminated by the END keyword. A block of statements has specific line break requirements: each statement must be on its own line and cannot follow a THEN, ELSE, or END keyword on that line.
To revert the changes made during the current transaction, issue a ROLLBACK statement, rather than a COMMIT statement.
After the transaction is closed, program execution continues at the END TRANSACTION statement.
Caché MVBasic supports two sets of transaction statements:
UniVerse-style BEGIN TRANSACTION, COMMIT, ROLLBACK, and END TRANSACTION.
UniData-style TRANSACTION START, TRANSACTION COMMIT, and TRANSACTION ABORT.
These two sets of transaction statements should not be combined.
Please refer to the documentation for BEGIN TRANSACTION for notes on important differences regarding the isolation level of transactions within Caché vs the that generally found in MV systems.
Locks and Transactions
File locks and record locks that were taken out during a transaction are released at the end of a transaction. If there are nested transactions, the release of locks taken out during the inner transactions is delayed until the completion of the outermost transaction. This release of locks is part of a successful COMMIT or ROLLBACK operation. Locks are described in the LOCK statement.
The following example performs database operations within a transaction. It sets a variable x, which determines whether the transaction should be committed or rolled back.
PRINT "Before the transaction" BEGIN TRANSACTION . . . IF x=0 THEN COMMIT THEN PRINT "Commit successful" ELSE PRINT "Commit failed" END ELSE ROLLBACK END PRINT "This should not print" END TRANSACTION PRINT "Transaction resolved"