Defining Reusable Items for Use in Settings
This chapter describes how to define certain reusable items for use as values of settings. It contains the following topics:
Defining Business Partners
InterSystems IRIS provides a way to add additional information to a production to help with the management of a production. A business partner profile is information about an organization or application connected to your InterSystems IRIS system. For each business partner, you can provide information such as the partner name, notes, primary and alternative contacts, and contact details. Defining a profile has no effect on the behavior or running of the production. It simply gives you a means to store more information.
For example, suppose your production talks to ABC Hospital and XYZ Hospital. You can enter profiles for both of these along with contact information. When you configure items that talk to these organizations, you can specify the defined Partner Name
for each business host.
The [Interoperability] > [Configure] > [Business Partners]
page allows you to view and edit profiles to store information about your business partners for use in your productions.
The page lists any Business Partner Profiles you have already defined and allows you to enter a new profile or edit an existing one in the right pane of the page.
to store this information in the current namespace. When you are configuring productions, this names appears in the Business Partner
configuration setting list, which you can choose to use in your production enabling you to categorize business host items in your production by business partner.
To delete a specific business partner profile, select it from the list so it appears in the right pane and then click Remove
Some remote systems require a username and password to log into that system. A username-password pair is a login credential. InterSystems IRIS permits you to store login credentials in a centralized, secure table; only users with appropriate access to the Management Portal can view and edit this table.
The [Interoperability] > [Configure] > [Credentials]
page displays the Credentials table for the current namespace.
Each entry in the Credentials table has an ID
which you use as the value of the Credentials
setting when configuring business services or business operations for the production. Adding an entry to the Credentials table for a production consists of assigning an ID
to a username-password pair. You can also store an informational business partner name with the credential.
page displays a list of defined credentials associated with the current namespace. Each row in the table has the following columns:
Unique string that identifies this username-password pair; the name you use in the Credentials
setting when configuring a business service or business operation to establish a remote connection.
Username with which to log on to the remote system.
Password corresponding to the logon username.
When editing, you can choose a profile from the list and view its details by clicking the magnifying glass. You can also create or edit a profile by clicking the Business Partners Configuration Page
When you select a Credential row, the right pane displays the current settings. If you do not select a row, the right pane shows empty fields for you to create a new credential. Enter values in the fields as outlined in the table description. You have the choice of two actions to perform in the Credentials Viewer
to store the updated or new values as a credential and display it in the table.
If you choose to edit a row and change the ID, when you click
, you must verify that you want to rename the credential.
to delete the selected credential.
You cannot undo the
Defining Schedule Specifications
The default scheduling for business hosts is for them to run whenever the production is running. However, a finer control is possible. Not only can you enable and disable business hosts, but the [Interoperability] > [Configure] > [Production]
page also provides a Schedule
setting for each business host. This is an optional command string that schedules the item to be stopped and started at specific times and on specific days of the week, month, or year. When it is time to start, if the item is enabled, the scheduler starts it; when it is time to stop, if the item is running, the scheduler stops it.
The [Interoperability] > [Configure] > [Schedule Specs]
page aids you in creating a string to use in this configuration setting. Once you create a schedule string and give it a name, you can use this string as a value for the Schedule
string is a comma-separated list of event specifications. Each event specification has the following format:
Where each item in the event specification, from left to right, has the described values:
||START or STOP indicates the desired action
is the year as 4 numerals
is the month as 2 numerals
is the day of the month as 2 numerals
Any of these fields may be the single character *
(asterisk) indicating all years, all months, or all days
is the specific occurrence of the day of the week (indicated by DD
) in the month (01 = first occurrence of the specific day of the week in the month, 02 = second occurrence in the month, etc.)
is a specific day of the week (00 = Sunday, 01 = Monday, etc.)
may be *
for all occurrences and DD
may be *
for all days
Once a field is specified as *
, all fields to the left of it are also assumed to be *
. Thus, if the DD
value is *
, the MM
value is treated as *
even if it has a specific numeric value. Similarly, if MM
is treated as *
||Hour, minute, and second
||Use the comma separator only if there is another event specification after the current one. Do not use it at the end of the Schedule string.
If your schedule contains recurring events, the Schedule
setting requires both START and STOP actions. If your schedule setting is an absolute one time event, then you need only use the appropriate single START or STOP action. In most cases, Schedule
strings should contain both a START and a STOP action.
Some examples of Schedule
Start the business host every day at 8 a.m. and stop it every day at 5 p.m.
Stop every year on January 2 at 7 a.m. and start again on January 3 at 7 a.m.
Start every month on the second day of the month at 8 a.m. and stop every month on the tenth day of the month at 8:30 p.m.
Stop every Sunday at 10 a.m. and start every Monday at 8:30 a.m.
Start every third Tuesday at 9 a.m. and stop every third Friday at 4 p.m.
Stop on December 31, 2010 just before midnight.
Start on January 3, 2011 at 6:45 a.m.
The following two strings are equivalent: Start every day at 2 a.m.
Scheduling and Daylight Saving Time
When daylight saving time (DST) begins, clocks skip an hour that day, usually from 2:00 a.m. to 3:00 a.m. Any item you have scheduled that falls into that nonexisting hour takes place at the beginning (which is also the end) of that hour. For example, on the day DST begins, an event scheduled to take place at 2:15 a.m. takes place at 2:00 a.m. (which is also 3:00 a.m.).
When DST ends, an hour of the day repeats, usually from 1:00 a.m. to 2:00 a.m. Any item you have scheduled that falls in that repeated hour takes place only once. Whether the event takes place on the first occurrence of the scheduled time or the second occurrence in the repeated hour depends on the operating system, but it only takes place once. For example, on a Windows system on the day DST ends, an event scheduled to take place at 1:15 a.m. takes place at the second occurrence of 1:15 a.m.
Intended Use and Limitations
setting starts and stops production business hosts according to a schedule; it is not a task scheduler. The schedule string defines a square wave in time declaring during what time intervals the item should
be running, in between which it should be not be running. InterSystems IRIS cannot prevent scheduled transitions from being interrupted or superseded by other production events.
The scheduler wakes up periodically (it sets its own alarm clock for when any scheduled item next expects a transition) and attempts to start or stop any items that are not currently in the expected state according to their schedule strings. It runs the UpdateProduction()
method of the Ens.ScheduleHandler
class and checks what event it needs to schedule next.
There are two general classes of things that can prevent transitions from taking place as the schedule string indicates:
The scheduler might be unable to cause the intended state change; that is, the UpdateProduction()
method fails to affect the relevant items.
For example, an item could be in a Read timeout or some other busy state that lasts longer than the Update timeout. Another example is a business host the scheduler starts cannot be stopped by the scheduler if the item is in the middle of a synchronous call. The business host must wait for a response to the call before the scheduler stops it.
The scheduler might not be able to wake up at the intended time. Examples of conditions that could cause this: the CPU is busy, a queue builds up of the alarm clock messages for the scheduler, the scheduler is itself disabled or crashed, the production is down, etc. The scheduler is not guaranteed to wake up during any particular interval, and when it does wake up it only looks at the intended state for the current moment, not at any history of when it should have
Use of the schedule setting is not intended or designed as an event signaling device. It is intended to accommodate planned outages and scheduled intervals of activity or inactivity. If you have events that you must trigger at a particular time or as soon as possible thereafter, InterSystems IRIS provides better alternatives: