Executes an operating system command as a spawned child process and returns immediately.
||Optional The command or program to be executed as a child process, specified as a quoted string. If you omit oscommand, $ZF(-2) launches the operating system shell.
permits an InterSystems IRIS process to invoke a command of the host operating system. $ZF(-2)
executes the operating system command specified in oscommand
as a spawned child process from the current console. It returns immediately after spawning the child process and does not wait for the process to terminate. Input and output devices default to the null device.
does not return the child process exit status. Instead, if the child process was created successfully,$ZF(-2)
returns 0. $ZF(-2)
returns -1 if a child process could not be forked.
does not wait for a response from the spawned child process, you can shut down InterSystems IRIS while the child process is executing.
closes the parent process principal device (specified in $PRINCIPAL
) before executing the operating system command. This is done because the child process executes concurrently with the parent. If $ZF(-2)
did not close $PRINCIPAL
, output from the parent and the child would become intermingled. When using $ZF(-2)
you should redirect I/O in the command if you wish to recover output from the child process. For example:
SET x=$ZF(-2,"ls -l > mydir.txt")
If a pathname supplied in oscommand
contains a space character, pathname handling is platform-dependent. Windows and UNIX® permit space characters in pathnames, but the entire pathname containing spaces must be enclosed in an additional set of double quote (") characters. This is in accordance with the Windows cmd /c
statement. For further details, specify cmd /?
at the Windows command prompt.
These two functions are in most respects identical. They differ in the following way:
suspends execution of the current process while awaiting completion of the spawned child process. It receives status information from the spawned process, which it returns as an exit status code (an integer value) when the spawned process completes.
does not suspend execution of the current process. It immediately returns a status value upon spawning the child process. Because it does not await completion of the spawned child process it cannot receive status information from that process.