|pc||Optional — A postconditional expression.|
The HALT command terminates execution of the current process. If a $HALT special variable is defined in the current context (or a prior context), issuing a HALT command invokes the halt trap routine specified in $HALT, rather than terminating the current process. Typically, a halt trap routine performs some cleanup or reporting operations, then issues a second HALT command to terminate execution.
HALT behaves the same whether it is encountered by running routine code or is entered from the Terminal prompt. In either case, it terminates the current process.
HALT has the same minimum abbreviation as the HANG command. HANG is distinguished by its required hangtime argument.
Effects of HALT
When HALT terminates a process, the system automatically relinquishes all locks and closes all devices owned by the process. This ensures that the halted process does not leave behind locked variables or unreleased devices.
If there is a transaction in progress when HALT terminates a process, the resolution of the transaction depends on the type of process. A HALT in a background job (non-interactive process) always rolls back the transaction in progress. A HALT in an interactive process (such as using the Terminal to run a routine) prompts you to resolve the transaction in progress. The prompt is as follows:
You have an open transaction. Do you want to perform a (C)ommit or (R)ollback? R =>
Specify “C” to commit the current transaction. Specify “R” (or just press the Enter key) to roll back the current transaction.
Execution of a HALT command is interrupted by a halt trap. Halt traps are established using the $HALT special variable.
If a halt trap has been established for the current context frame, issuing a HALT command invokes the halt trap routine specified by $HALT. The HALT command itself is not executed.
If a halt trap has been established for a lower context frame, a HALT command removes context frames from the frame stack until the context frame with the halt trap is reached. HALT then invokes the halt trap routine specified by $HALT and ceases execution.
An optional postconditional expression that can make the command conditional. InterSystems IRIS executes the HALT command if the postconditional expression is true (evaluates to a nonzero numeric value). InterSystems IRIS does not execute the command if the postconditional expression is false (evaluates to zero). For further details, refer to Command Postconditional Expressions in Using ObjectScript.
In the following example, HALT allows the user to end the current application and return to the operating system. The system performs all necessary cleanup for the user. Note the use of the postconditional on the command.
Main READ !,"Do you really want to stop (Y or N)? ",ans QUIT:ans="" HALT:(ans["Y")!(ans="y") DO Start Start() WRITE !,"This is the Start routine" QUIT
In the following example, HALT invokes the halt trap routine specified in $HALT. In this case, it is the second HALT command that actually halts execution. (For demonstration purposes, this example uses HANG statements so that you have time to view the displayed output.)
Main NEW $ESTACK SET $HALT="OnHalt" WRITE !,"Main $ESTACK= ",$ESTACK // 0 HANG 2 DO SubA WRITE !,"this should never display" SubA() WRITE !,"SubA $ESTACK= ",$ESTACK // 1 HANG 2 HALT // invoke the OnHalt routine WRITE !,"this should never display" OnHalt() WRITE !,"OnHalt $ESTACK= ",$ESTACK // 0 HANG 2 // clean-up and reporting operations HALT // actually halt the current process
You can use the $SYSTEM.Process.Terminate()Opens in a new window method to halt the current process or to halt other running processes.
The following example halts the current process:
The following example halts the process with the PID 7732:
The effects of the Terminate() method are the same as the HALT command for the current process, or the ^RESJOB utility for other processes.
^RESJOB and ^JOBEXAM
The HALT command is used to halt the current process.
The ^RESJOB or ^JOBEXAM utility can be used to halt other running processes. These utilities cannot be used to halt the current process. They can be used to display information about all running processes, including the current process.
These utilities must be invoked from the %SYS namespace. You must have appropriate privileges to invoke these utilities. Utility names are case-sensitive.
^RESJOB allows you to directly halt a process if you know the process ID (PID). You can use the ? option to display a listing of all of the running processes.
^JOBEXAM first displays a listing of all of the running processes, then allows you to specify which process to halt (terminate), suspend, or resume. View^JOBEXAM allows you to display a listing of all of the running processes; it does not provide options to halt, suspend, or resume a process.
The following is an example invocation of ^RESJOB from the Terminal:
%SYS>DO ^RESJOB Force a process to quit InterSystems IRIS Process ID (? for status report): 7732 Process ID (? for status report): %SYS>
At the prompt, you type the process ID (PID) for the process you wish to halt. ^RESJOB halts the process, then prompts you for the next process ID. Press the Enter key at the prompt when you are finished entering process IDs. You can specify ? at the prompt to display a list of currently running processes.
Current process: attempting to use ^RESJOB to halt the current process fails with the message This is your current process, not proceeding with kill. ^RESJOB then prompts you for another process ID.
Non-running process: specifying the process ID of a non-running process fails with the message [no such InterSystems IRIS process]. ^RESJOB then prompts you for another process ID.
System processes: you cannot use ^RESJOB to halt certain system processes. Attempting to do so fails with the message Can NOT kill the name process. ^RESJOB then prompts you for another process ID.
Transaction-in-progress: using ^RESJOB to halt a process with a transaction-in-progress is the same as issuing a HALT command in that process. A non-interactive process rolls back the incomplete transaction; an interactive process prompts you at its Terminal prompt to either commit or roll back the incomplete transaction.