Controlling Access to Management Portal Functions
This appendix describes how the Management Portal uses the predefined security roles and resources to control access to pages and options related to production management. It contains the following sections:
The upgrade procedures reset these predefined resources and roles; therefore, you should customize security only by configuring resources and roles that you create yourself.
InterSystems IRIS® contains predefined roles which you can use to control access to the functions in the Management Portal. While these built-in roles may suit most environments, you can add additional roles to customize access to pages or functions.
The following sections describe the security structure prebuilt in InterSystems IRIS. You can use this information to determine how to assign your users to roles in your environment.
For an in-depth description of InterSystems security, see the Security Administration Guide, in particular, “Authorization: Controlling User Access” in the chapter “About InterSystems Security.”
This section describes the predefined resources related to productions. The names of these resources all begin with the %Ens_ prefix.
The first subsection lists resources that protect a specific activity you can perform in InterSystems IRIS.
The second subsection lists code and data resources.
You can view the list of predefined resources on the System Administration > Security > Resources page of the Management Portal.
For an in-depth discussion of resources, see “Assets and Resources” in the Security Administration Guide.
Resources to Protect Activities Related to Productions
|%Ens_ConfigItemRun||Controls starting and stopping configuration items|
|%Ens_DTLTest||Grants access to the data transformation testing utility|
|%Ens_Dashboard||Grants access to the Production Monitor|
|%Ens_Deploy||Grants access to deployment activities|
|%Ens_DeploymentPkg||Controls the creation of deployment packages using the server|
|%Ens_DeploymentPkgClient||Controls the creation and import of local deployment packages using the web browser|
|%Ens_JBH||Grants access to the Java Business Host page|
|%Ens_EventLog||Grants access to the Event Log|
|%Ens_MessageContent||Grants access to the contents of messages|
|%Ens_MessageDiscard||Controls discarding of queued and suspended messages|
|%Ens_MessageEditResend||Grants access to edit and resend messages|
|%Ens_MessageExport||Grants access to export messages|
|%Ens_MessageHeader||Grants access to message header data|
|%Ens_MessageResend||Grants access to resend messages|
|%Ens_MessageResubmit||Controls resubmission of suspended messages|
|%Ens_MessageSuspend||Controls the manual suspension of messages|
|%Ens_MessageTrace||Grants access to message trace|
|%Ens_MsgBank_Dashboard||Grants access to the Enterprise Monitor Page|
|%Ens_MsgBank_EventLog||Grants access to the Message Bank Event Log|
|%Ens_MsgBank_MessageContent||Grants access to the contents of messages in the Message Bank|
|%Ens_MsgBank_MessageEditResend||Grants permission to edit and resend messages from the Message Bank|
|%Ens_MsgBank_MessageHeader||Grants access to Message Bank header data|
|%Ens_MsgBank_MessageResend||Grants permission to resend messages from the Message Bank|
|%Ens_MsgBank_MessageTrace||Grants access to the Message Bank Visual Trace|
|%Ens_Portal*||Grants access to the Interoperability menus in the Management Portal|
|%Ens_ProductionDocumentation||Controls the creation of production documentation|
|%Ens_ProductionRun||Controls starting and stopping productions|
|%Ens_Purge||Controls purging of production-related data|
|%Ens_RuleLog||Grants access to the rule log|
|%Ens_TestingService||Grants access to the business host testing service|
|%Ens_ViewFileSystem||Grants access to the Finder Dialog which allows the user to view the file system|
* In addition to the %Ens_Portal resource, access to production-related functions in the Management Portal in any given namespace requires the Read permission on the default global database resource for that namespace. This check is enforced for access to all Interoperability portal pages.
Resources to Protect Code and Data Related to Productions
|%Ens._AlertAdministration||Grants access to managed alert administration.|
|%Ens_Alerts||Grants access to alert configuration and management|
|%Ens_ArchiveManager||Grants access to the Archive Manager|
|%Ens_BPL||Grants access to BPL|
|%Ens_BusinessRules||Grants access to business rules|
|%Ens_Code||Grants access to all Interoperability classes and routines|
|%Ens_Credentials||Grants access to production credentials|
|%Ens_DTL||Grants access to DTL|
|%Ens_EDISchema||Grants access to EDI schemas|
|%Ens_EDISchemaAnnotation||Grants access to the HL7 Annotation classes.|
|%Ens_JBH||Grants access to Java Business Hosts|
|%Ens_Jobs||Grants access to job data|
|%Ens_LookupTables||Grants access to lookup tables|
|%Ens_MsgBank||Grants access to Message Bank status information|
|%Ens_MsgBankConfig||Grants access to Message Bank configuration|
|%Ens_ProductionConfig||Grants access to production configuration activities|
|%Ens_PurgeSchedule||Grants access to scheduling of InterSystems IRIS purge tasks|
|%Ens_PurgeSettings||Grants access to the Purge Management Data page in the Management Portal and controls the default settings for manually purging production-related data. For more information, see Purging Production Data.|
|%Ens_Queues||Grants access to queue data|
|%Ens_RestrictedUI_SystemDefaultSettings||Restricts a user so they can only edit those system default settings to which they have been given USE permission. For more information, see Security for System Default Settings.|
|%Ens_RecordMap||Grants access to Interoperability record maps|
|%Ens_RoutingRules||Grants access to routing rules|
|%Ens_Rules||Grants access to all Interoperability rules|
|%Ens_SequenceManager||Grants access to the Sequence Manager|
|%Ens_SystemDefaultConfig||Grants access to system default settings|
|%Ens_SystemDefaultSettings_AllowedIPAddresses||Allows user to manage the AllowedIPAddresses system default setting even when they are restricted from managing other system default settings. For more information, see Security for System Default Settings.|
|%Ens_SystemDefaultSettings_IPAddress||Allows user to manage the IPAddress system default setting even when they are restricted from managing other system default settings. For more information, see Security for System Default Settings.|
|%Ens_SystemDefaultSettings_Port||Allows user to manage the Port system default setting even when they are restricted from managing other system default settings. For more information, see Security for System Default Settings.|
|%Ens_SystemDefaultSettings_Server||Allows user to manage the Server system default setting even when they are restricted from managing other system default settings. For more information, see Security for System Default Settings.|
|%Ens_WorkflowConfig||Grants access to workflow roles and users|
In many cases, InterSystems IRIS Interoperability default behavior uses a less granular resource (like %Ens_Code) which protects multiple data sources including the data protected by a more specific resource (like %Ens_BPL). The predefined roles and privileges use the less granular resource, but you can choose alternative roles with more selective privileges.
Security for System Default Settings
Assigning USE permission to the %Ens_RestrictedUI_SystemDefaultSettings resource restricts a user from creating, editing, or deleting system default settings for Interoperability productions. This restriction applies only to managing system default settings in the Management Portal and does not prevent administrators from editing the global directly.
You can grant exceptions to this general restriction by assigning USE privileges to the %Ens_SystemDefaultSettings_setting resource, where setting is the case-sensitive name of a setting. The system includes predefined resources for four settings:
%Ens_SystemDefaultSettings_AllowedIPAddresses — Allows users to manage the AllowedIPAddresses setting from the Management Portal even when blocked from managing other system default settings.
%Ens_SystemDefaultSettings_IPAddress — Allows users to manage the IPAddress setting from the Management Portal even when blocked from managing other system default settings.
%Ens_SystemDefaultSettings_Port — Allows users to manage the Port setting from the Management Portal even when blocked from managing other system default settings.
%Ens_SystemDefaultSettings_Server — Allows users to manage the Server setting from the Management Portal even when blocked from managing other system default settings.
Predefined Roles Related to Productions
InterSystems IRIS also contains a set of predefined roles related to productions. Their names each begin with the %EnsRole_ prefix. These are roles designed to reasonably secure your InterSystems IRIS instances in both development and live environments. The following descriptions contain an overview of the perceived job responsibilities of members of the role and how these roles relate to other roles.
Role for a trusted and skilled administrator. In a live or test system this is for the person able to stop, start, and configure productions; to stop and start individual configuration items; to look at all logs, messages, and queues; to purge data; to add default system settings; and so on. This administrator has almost unlimited ability to control the InterSystems IRIS Interoperability environment, but cannot change code components other than to deploy updates.
This role is intentionally distinct from InterSystems IRIS administrative roles and does not grant the user any non-production privileges.
The %EnsRole_Administrator role is a member of the %EnsRole_Operator role, and, therefore, also holds all the privileges of that role.
Role for a person developing business logic, data structures, or core InterSystems IRIS code. This includes writing code in Studio, writing DTL and BPL in either Studio or using the web interface, developing routing rules, and creating custom message schemas. In addition, this role allows a user to perform many administrative tasks, as the developer should have the ability to actively debug and test various options on development instances.
By default, members of the InterSystems IRIS Interoperability developer role have full programming power and as such, can modify DTL, BPL, and record maps. InterSystems IRIS provides separate resources for each type of code if you want to distinguish areas of development by creating custom roles.
The %EnsRole_Developer role is a member of both the %Developer and %EnsRole_WebDeveloper roles. Therefore, a user assigned to this role can perform all InterSystems IRIS development tasks as well as the web developer tasks.
Role for a person with limited development abilities. In particular, this restricts a user to the development tasks in the Interoperability menus of the Management Portal, like BPL, DTL, defining rules, and creating record maps. The role does not grant access to Studio or the terminal.
This role is a member of the %EnsRole_RulesDeveloper and %EnsRole_Operator role, so that a user that is a member of this role can perform debugging tasks in the Management Portal.
Role for a business analyst allowed to modify business rules dynamically. If you have developed a business process that requires such a function, you can allow a small number of people to modify the rules. This is not an administrative or development function.
%EnsRole_WebDeveloper is a member of this role.
Role for a generic user to view the InterSystems IRIS system monitor and the production monitor. Actions that would leave an audit trail if done from a user with %EnsRole_Operator have no effective audit trail from this generic username and therefore access needs to be restricted to a subset that does not include any risk of seeing sensitive data.
Role for operation staff managing the day-to-day status of a particular production. Users assigned to this role have the Read permission on the current configuration to determine what settings and code are in effect, but do not have permissions to modify the configuration. Operations staff may start and stop interfaces, and may start and stop the production. They do not have access to the contents of messages, but may resend messages which cause issues. Operators may view queue and job information, and may inspect the settings for purges, alerts, credentials, and lookup tables.
Both %EnsRole_Administrator and %EnsRole_WebDeveloper are members of this role.
Role for processing managed alerts assigned to any user or unassigned. For more information on processing managed alerts, see “Acting on Alerts by Viewing My Managed Alerts”.
Role for processing managed alerts assigned to current user or unassigned. For more information on processing managed alerts, see “Acting on Alerts by Viewing My Managed Alerts”.
Role that allows user to control the subscription criteria used to select messages and to specify the users to receive the messages. This role provides access to the management portal page that controls Publish and Subscribe routing. For more information on Publish and Subscribe messages, see “Defining Publish and Subscribe Message Routing”.
The default InterSystems IRIS Interoperability security framework assigns permissions to the predefined resources, thus creating privileges for each of these roles. You can choose to assign the users of your application to these InterSystems IRIS Interoperability roles or create your own roles, assigning them permissions to the InterSystems IRIS resources. If you upgrade your InterSystems IRIS instance, the procedures reset the default roles, so you should make your configuration modifications only on user-created roles.
The next section shows the privileges assigned by default to each role.
You can view the list of predefined roles on the System Administration > Security > Roles page of the Management Portal.
These roles only cover functions in the Interoperability menus of the Management Portal. Users in your environment likely require additional InterSystems IRIS roles. For details, see “Roles” in the Security Administration Guide.
Default Privileges of the Predefined Roles
This section lists the default privileges that each role has for each resource.
The first subsection lists the role privileges for the activity resources.
The second subsection lists the role privileges for the code and data resources.
See “Privileges and Permissions” in the Security Administration Guide for an explanation of how you grant access to resources through role privileges.
Role Privileges for the Activity Resources
The following table lists the role privileges for the activity resources. Only the Use permission is required for access, use this permission on the underlying resource to determine access to data as well.
|Resource||%EnsRole _Administrator||%EnsRole _Developer*||%EnsRole _Monitor||%EnsRole _Operator|
Role Privileges for the Code and Data Resources
The following table lists the role privileges for the code and data resources. Read and Write permissions are distinct for the resource; your application code should use these two permissions to determine access to the underlying data.
For reasons of space, this table does not include the information on all roles. Additional roles are described after the table.
|Resource||%EnsRole _Administrator||%EnsRole _Developer||%EnsRole _Monitor||%EnsRole _Operator|
|%Ens_Alerts||Read, Write||Read, Write||Read|
|%Ens_Jobs||Read, Write||Read, Write||Read|
|%Ens_LookupTables||Read, Write||Read, Write||Read|
|%Ens_MsgBankConfig||Read, Write||Read, Write|
|%Ens_ProductionConfig||Read, Write||Read, Write||Read|
|%Ens_PurgeSettings||Read, Write||Read, Write|
|%Ens_Queues||Read, Write||Read, Write||Read|
|%Ens_SequenceManager||Read, Write||Read, Write|
Additional roles have the following privileges
The %EnsRole_WebDeveloper role has the same privileges as %EnsRole_Developer, except for access to the %Ens_PurgeSettings resource.
The %EnsRole_RulesDeveloper role has only the following privileges:
Portal Page Privilege Requirements
Each Management Portal page has a default privilege requirement in the security framework shipped with InterSystems IRIS. You can view this requirement while in the columns view of the portal menu just beneath where you click Go to navigate to the page. You only see this information if you click next to the menu item name and not directly on the label.
For example, if you select Interoperability > Configure and then click to the right of Production on menu of the Management Portal, you see %Ens_ProductionConfig:READ listed under the System Resource(s) label. This means you must be a member of a role that has the Read permission on the %Ens_ProductionConfig resource to view the Production Configuration page.
Notice you may also assign custom resources to a portal page. See “Using Custom Resources with the Management Portal” in the chapter “Assets and Resources” in the Security Administration Guide.
Default SQL Privileges of the Predefined Roles
Several InterSystems IRIS Interoperability pages in the Management Portal use SQL queries to retrieve information; therefore, users must have privileges on the appropriate tables to view this information. This section shows how InterSystems IRIS assigns SELECT privileges to its predefined roles to provide the proper security.
The %EnsRole_Administrator, %EnsRole_Developer, and %EnsRole_WebDeveloper roles hold the SELECT privilege on all of the following SQL tables:
The remaining roles have SELECT privileges on a subset of the SQL tables as shown in the following table.
|SQL Table Name||%EnsRole _RulesDeveloper||%EnsRole _Monitor||%EnsRole _Operator|
InterSystems IRIS also grants EXECUTE privileges on the Ens.IsASub stored procedure (used in certain searches of the Message Viewer) to %EnsRole_Administrator, %EnsRole_Developer, and %EnsRole_WebDeveloper. If you define a custom role and want a user with the role to be able to perform searches on messages, you should grant this privilege to the role or user. To see if a specific role has this privilege in an interoperability-enabled namespace:
Select System Administration, Security, and Roles.
Select the role.
Select the SQL Procedures tab.
Select the namespace from the drop-down menu.
If the role has the Ens.IsASub privilege, Ens.IsASub is listed and marked as having EXECUTE privilege. If the role does not have this privilege in the namespace, you can give it this privilege by doing the following on the SQL Procedures tab:
Click the Add Procedures ... button.
Select the Ens schema from the drop-down menu.
Select IsASub from the Available column.
Click the right arrow to add IsASub to the Selected column.
Click Apply and then Close.
You can also give this SQL procedure privilege directly to a user.
InterSystems IRIS automatically grants permissions to allow the specified roles to run SELECT statements as described in the previous tables. It grants these permissions for the tables generated for the built-in message types. If you define custom message types, you should grant the same permissions to these roles for the tables generated for these custom message types.
For information on customizing security, see the following sections in Security Administration Guide:
“Using Custom Resources with the Management Portal” in the chapter “Assets and Resources”
“Creating and Editing Users” in the chapter “Users”
“Web Applications” in the chapter “Applications”