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POWER

A numeric function that returns the value of a given expression raised to the specified power.

Synopsis

POWER(numeric-expression,power)
{fn POWER(numeric-expression,power)}

Arguments

Argument Description
numeric-expression The base number. Can be a positive or negative integer or fractional number.
power The exponent, which is the power to which to raise numeric-expression. Can be a positive or negative integer or fractional number.

POWER returns either the NUMERIC or DOUBLE data type. If numeric-expression is data type DOUBLE, POWER returns DOUBLE; otherwise, it returns NUMERIC.

Description

POWER calculates one number raised to the power of another. It returns a value with a precision of 36 and a scale of 18.

Note that POWER can be invoked as an ODBC scalar function (with the curly brace syntax) or as an SQL general scalar function.

POWER interprets a non-numeric string as 0 for either argument. For further details, refer to Strings as Numbers. POWER returns NULL if passed a NULL value for either argument.

All combinations of numeric-expression and power are valid except:

  • POWER(0,-m): a 0 numeric-expression and a negative power results in an SQLCODE -400 error.

  • POWER(-n,.m): a negative numeric-expression and a fractional power results in an SQLCODE -400 error.

Examples

The following example raises 5 to the 3rd power:

SELECT POWER(5,3) AS Cubed
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returns 125.

The following embedded SQL example returns the first 16 powers of 2:

   SET a=1
   WHILE a<17 {
   &sql(SELECT {fn POWER(2,:a)}
   INTO :b)
   IF SQLCODE'=0 {
     WRITE !,"Error code ",SQLCODE
     QUIT }
   ELSE {
     WRITE !,"2 to the ",a," = ",b
     SET a=a+1 }
   }
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See Also