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SQRT

A numeric function that returns the square root of a given numeric expression.

Synopsis

SQRT(numeric-expression)

{fn SQRT(numeric-expression)}

Arguments

Argument Description
numeric-expression An expression that resolves to a positive number from which the square root is calculated.

SQRT returns either the NUMERIC or DOUBLE data type. If numeric-expression is data type DOUBLE, SQRT returns DOUBLE; otherwise, it returns NUMERIC.

Description

SQRT returns the square root of numeric-expression. The numeric-expression must be a positive number. A negative numeric-expression (other than -0) generates an SQLCODE -400 error. SQRT returns NULL if passed a NULL value.

SQRT returns a value with a precision of 36 and a scale of 18.

SQRT can be specified as a regular scalar function or as an ODBC scalar function (with the curly brace syntax).

Examples

The following example shows the two SQRT syntax forms. Both return the square root of 49:

SELECT SQRT(49) AS SRoot,{fn SQRT(49)} AS ODBCSRoot
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The following embedded SQL example returns the square roots of the integers 0 through 10:

   SET a=0
   WHILE a<11 {
   &sql(SELECT SQRT(:a) INTO :b)
   IF SQLCODE'=0 {
     WRITE !,"Error code ",SQLCODE
     QUIT }
   ELSE {
     WRITE !,"The square root of ",a," = ",b
     SET a=a+1 }
   }
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See Also