Skip to main content

Lists

A list is a special kind of ObjectScript string, made up of a list of items. Although they are similar to delimited strings using $Piece, you work with lists using list-specific functions.

  • $ListBuild returns a list built from items. Concatenating lists creates a new list.

  • $List returns a specific item in the list. You can use an asterisk (*) to represent the last item, and *-n to count items backwards from the end.

  • $ListLength returns the number of items in the list.

  • $ListFind searches the list for an item, and returns its item number.

Terminal


USER>set addr = "One Memorial Drive", city = "Cambridge"

USER>set st = "MA", zip = "02142"

USER>set mail = $listbuild(addr, city, st, zip)

USER>write $list(mail, 2)
Cambridge
USER>write $list(mail, *-1)
MA
USER>write $listlength(mail)
4
USER>write $listfind(mail, "MA")
3
USER>set office = $listbuild("InterSystems", "USA") _ mail

USER>write $listlength(office)
6
USER>write $listfind(office, "MA")
5
USER>
Copy code to clipboard

You can't use a list function on a non-list string, or you'll get a <LIST> error. Likewise, you usually will not use string functions on a list. Note that the abbreviations for list functions are two or three letters.

FeedbackOpens in a new window